The district of Azamgarh lying south of the Ghaghra river. The administrative headquarter of Azamgarh is on Lucknow-Baliya state highway , 269 km. from capital Lucknow.Azamgarh is a city in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is the headquarters of Azamgarh division, which consists of three districts Azamgarh, Mau and Ballia. Azamgarh is situated on the bank of Tamsa River.
Geographically, Azamgarh is situated on the eastern part of Uttar Pradesh. At 26.068°N 83.184°E. The district is bounded by Mau district in the East, Gorakhpur in the North, Ghazipur in the South-East, Jaunpur in the South- West, Sultanpur in the West and Ambedkar Nagar in the North West.